Образование в Великобритании. Частные школы (Education in the UK. Public schools)

Разделы: Иностранные языки


Цели урока: изучение структуры системы образования Британии и знакомство с таким ее компонентом как частные школы, ознакомление со страноведческой информацией (знаменитые частные школы Британии), совершенствование  навыков аудирования, чтения, говорения, коммуникативной компетенции учащихся.

Вид занятия: комбинированный урок (урок рассчитан на пару).

Задачи:

  • Практические:
    • совершенствование речевых навыков и умений во всех видах речевой деятельности;
    • развитие речевых способностей;
    • развитие умения сравнивать и обобщать материал.
  • Образовательные:
    • расширение кругозора  обучающихся;
    • знакомство с лингвострановедческой информацией;
    • приобщение к культуре страны изучаемого языка
  • Воспитательные:
    • воспитание уважения к культуре и истории другой страны;
    • воспитание любви к родным и близким людям, своей культуре и традициям.
  • Развивающее:
    • развитие внимания, памяти, способности к анализу и синтезу;
    • развитие умения использовать иностранный язык, как инструмент познавательной деятельности при изучении материала страноведческого характера;
    • привитие интереса к предмету.
  • Культурологические:
    • осмысление знаний;
    • лингвострановедческая направленность;
    • развитие интереса к культуре страны, как основы познавательной мотивации.

Оснащение урока (технические средства обучения):

  • компьютер; экран.
  • презентация в Power Point
  • раздаточный материал (карточки для проверки домашнего задания, тексты)

УМК: А.С. Восковская  Т.А. Карпова «Английский язык для СПО» Феникс, 2007

ХОД УРОКА

I. Оргмомент

Teacher: Good morning. How are you? I’m glad to see you. Let’s begin our lesson.
At our lesson today we will continue to speak about education in the UK and you’ll meet with one of its rather interesting component. I mean public schools. Let’s remember: What does public school mean? (Students: public school – частная школа).
Teacher: Right you are. Today you’ll meet with their features. You will try to see a difference between them and state schools in Britain. Hope, you’ll find this information interesting and useful. By the way, are there any public – private schools in Russia? (Students: Yes, there are)
Teacher: Are there many private schools in our country? (Students: No, there aren’t. Anyway,  there aren’t any private schools in our city.)

II. Фонетическая зарядка

Teacher: But first let’s have a phonetic drill. Look at the blackboard. What can you see there? (Students: They are English proverbs.) Read them and match the appropriate Russian equivalents:
On a board:

  • Live and learn.
  • Knowledge is power.
  • It’s never late to learn.
  • To know something like a palm of one’s hand.
  • Too much knowledge makes the head bald.

Key: 
1. Век живи, век учись.      
2. Знания – сила.     
3. Учиться никогда не поздно.
4. Знать как свои пять пальцев.    
5. Много будешь знать – скоро состаришься.

III.   Речевая зарядка:

Teacher: Well. Now, let’s remember the information of last lesson devoted to education in the UK. Let me check what do you know about British education system Answer my questions, please:

  • When do British children go to school?
  • When does the school year begin?
  • Can school year start on Monday?
  • What age do British children go to the secondary school?
  • What age do children usually leave school?
  • What exams do schoolchildren have when they leave school at 16?
  • What kind of schools are there in the UK?

IV. Проверка домашнего задания

Teacher: OK. Good of you.  Here you can see the cards. Read the sentences and fill in the gaps with appropriate words below.

Card 1 (раздаточный материал)

Подставьте в пробелы слова и выражения, подходящие по смыслу, переведите предложения:

  1. Education in Britain is _____ from 5 to 16.
  2. Mike goes to a ______ school in Birmingham. Mike’s school is the largest mass school in Britain.
  3. He is 13 and he is in his ____ form now.
  4. His parents wanted to send him to _____ school but Mike was against it.
  5. He likes to his school, and he thinks that if he went to a_____, he would miss (скучать) home.
  6. The classes at Mike’s school ____ from 9 to 4.15pm.
  7. Religion is one of compulsory _____ at school in the UK.
  8. If you won’t enter university, you could ____ school at 16.

  (subjects, boarding school, third, comprehensive, run, compulsory, graduate, private)

V.   Работа над темой

Подготовительный этап:

Teacher: Thanks. Now add your information about education system of the UK and let’s speak about public schools. Public schools in Britain are famous (and popular) all over the world. Why? Pay attention at the blackboard and try to express your opinion using these words and statements. Use the sample for your answer:

On a board:

I think, British public schools are famous all over the world due to_______.
To my mind, they are famous thanks to its ________.
(the highest level of education, many famous people graduate them, best knowledge of their graduates, very high fee for education, best preparing to admit to universities, image, prestige)

Работа с мультимедийной презентацией:

Teacher: Good of you. Thanks. Now, you’ll get more information about this component of education system in the UK. Watch the Presentation and get ready to answer the questions afterwards (Make the notes):

  • How many public schools are there in the UK?
  • Are all public schools are boarding schools?
  • What general types of public schools are there in the UK?
  • What is the main reason (in public schools) to teach boys and girls separately?
  • What subjects are compulsory in public schools?
  • What subjects can be optional?
  • What extra curriculum activities are there in public school?
  • How many terms are there in a school year?
  • What is special about school uniform in British public schools? Why does it look like?
  • What are the oldest public schools for boys in the UK?
  • When was Harrow School founded?
  • What famous people were its graduates?
  • What age can boys enter to Harrow School?
  • How many years do students learn there?
  • What are the features of the education process at Harrow School?
  • Why is Harrow School considered as one of the most prestigious public school in Britain and all over the world?

Этап закрепления материала. Закрепление материала в работе над текстом (reading for specific information, for detail)

Card 2 (раздаточный материал) Прочитайте текст и выполните упражнения: (в каждом задании 1-й вариант выполняет нечетные пункты, 2-й – четные)

Eton School

Eton is one the oldest public school in Great Britain. It is a single-sex school. Today is a secondary school for approximately 1,280 boys between the ages of 13 and 18, all of whom are boarders. Boys live in Houses. There about 50 boys in each House. Every House has its House Master (Магистр).
For academic purposes, the School is divided into five Blocks, from F to B. Boys normally spend one year in each block, moving up in September. On arrival in the School, a boy is assigned (назначать) a Tutor (наставник) by his House Master. The Tutor’s function is to assist House Masters in monitoring academic performance, he also fosters (способствовать) his pupils’ personal, cultural and social development. His pupils come to him in small groups once a week for a Tutorial (встреча с наставником), in which they follow a program of Study Skills, Personal-Social-Health Education and topics chosen by Tutor. When the boy becomes a Specialist, i.e. when he enters C and embarks (сдавать) on A-level work, he chooses a new Tutor. This is normally be a House Master who teaches what is likely to be the boy’s principal (основной) A-level subject. There are 37 scheduled schools (i.e. lessons) a week in which formal teaching takes place, but almost all boys have one or more reading schools (i.e. free periods). Boys are taught in divisions (i.e. sets or forms) normally containing about 10-12 boys (in a case of Specialist) and about 20 – in the case of Non-Specialists. In each block, a program of regular out-of-school work is laid down.
There are a lot of facilities in Eton. Computing (along with Design and Technology, Music, Drama and Art) forms a compulsory part of syllabus (расписание) during the first year and an optional subject thereafter. In the Design Center there are facilities for woodwork, metalwork, silverwork and electronics. A huge number of boys have music lessons and there are numerous bands, orchestras and small groups.

1) Заполнить пробелы словами и выражениями из текста:

  1. Eton is one the…. in Great Britain.
  2.  Boys are taught in divisions, …boys.
  3. There are a lot … in Eton.
  4. When the boy becomes a Specialist, he chooses a … .
  5. There are … (i.e. lessons) a week.
  6. . … a boy is assigned (назначать) a Tutor
  7. A huge number of boys have… lessons.
  8. In each block, a program … is laid down.

2) Ответить на вопросы:

1. What is Eton?
2. How many people are there at this school?
3. Is Eton mixed or a single-sex school?
4. Where do boarders live?
5. What does House Master do?
6. What is Tutor?
7. What age of pupils in Eton?
8. What is Block in Eton?
9. What is Tutorial?
10. When does a boy become a Specialist?
11. How many compulsory lessons a week has every boy in Eton?
12. What optional classes do they have in Eton?

VI. Домашнее задание: подготовить письменный ответ о системе образования Британии. (выбрать тип школ и рассказать о нем: возраст поступления, обязательные экзамены и предметы, особенности учебного процесса, наличие\ отсутствие школьной формы, школьное питание и т.д.)

VII. Подведение итогов и оценивание результатов работы: Well done. Thank you for your work. You worked very well. Your marks are … . The lesson is over. Good bye.

Приложение: Презентация «Education in the UK. Public schools»

9.11.2015